The practise of cattle raring has grown tremendously over the past few decades. This has been a much welcomed improvement due to the rapidly increasing global demand for meat and milk products. Nonetheless, the sustainability of producing cattle proves to be a challenge for most farmers. This is because of the exorbitant cost of livestock feed beyond the capabilities of most farmers. As such, a great of agricultural research has been centred on finding alternative feedstuff that are both affordable and highly nutritious. Since oats are known for their superior nutritional value, there has been considerations on whether cows can eat oats as a means of improving health and production.
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Oats Supplements for Improved Performance
Cows can eat oats for improved performance. In fact, the superior nutritional content of oats is excellent for growing livestock as it allows for timely physiological development. Oats is particularly ideal for starting cows on feed due to its excellent high and hull content. An increased number of farmers opt for oats dietary plans when introducing weaned cows to grain. High energy grains are then gradually offered to livestock as cows become adapted to solid dietary plans. Studies reveal that oats should constitute 50 to 70% of grain silage and as time progresses, it should be reduced to approximately 20 to 30% of their dietary plans. Cows can eat oats so as to acquire crude protein that is important for growth, maintenance, reproduction as well as production. Cows can be provided with oat based diets to improve on yield harvests. Note that mature livestock require oats ensiled with complementary feedstuff as they cannot solely sustain livestock dietary plans. While oats may not compare to some elaborately formulated livestock feed, it requires no processing, is available in most parts of the world and provides satisfactory results.
Oats Supplements for Health Maintenance
Cows can eat oats for health purposes. The high nutritional value of oats is essential for blood synthesis, hormone structure, reproduction, vitamin synthesis, enzyme formation and maintaining the integrity of the immune system. Oats contain trace elements which are needed to sustain long term livestock health. Dietary plans lacking in trace elements are known to cause a number of health related issues that can possibly lower production levels thus placing the entire agricultural venture at risk. Take note that oats ought to be ensilaged with other types of feedstuffs rich is energy among other lacking nutrients and minerals. Research studies outline the importance of a well-balanced dietary plan in sustaining livestock health and productivity. Animals provided with a dietary plan sufficient in essential nutrients tend to perform better than those offered a strictly forage diet. Cows with rich dietary plans develop some form of resistant against disease and infection. That being said, cows can eat oats in order to absorb trace elements and minerals that act as antioxidant agents thereby protecting them from oxidative stress. Resultantly, farmers are able to produce meat of superior taste and quality as well as increased milk yields with excellent nutritional value.
What is the Feed Value of Oats?
Cows can eat oats as a means of improving their health and productivity. In order to achieve this, it is necessary for farmers to be aware of their nutritional value as well as the recommended rations. According to a variety of research studies, cows can eat oats in order to absorb nutrients and minerals needed for their daily sustenance. These are also important for improved productivity which translates directly to profits and the success of the venture. Oats is a rich source of starch (4.9g), crude protein (10.5g), crude fibre (30.2g), water soluble carbohydrates (7.1g) and minerals such as magnesium (1.3g), calcium (3.8g), phosphorus (2.2g), potassium (22.2g), copper (4g), iron (155g) and manganese (120g). Note that these values are as per average value of oats forage. Since it threshes with the hull intact, oats is lower in energy and bulkier than other common types of feed grains. It also has a higher fat content. It also contains a reasonable amount of vitamins B1, B2, B6, 1, K and E. Additionally, it is a source of minerals, micronutrients, antioxidants as well as sterols. Studies reveal that oats differ from other cereals in the following ways.
- Oats consist of high protein content and a well-balanced amino acid composition.
- Oats contain high levels of vitamins necessary for health sustenance.
- Oat oil is of superior quality and increases the energy value of oats.
What is the Best Grain to Feed Cattle?
Grain constitutes a decent amount of cattle dietary plans, especially during the dry season when forage quantity and quality is low. Grain provides a source of highly digestible energy often used when roughage is in short supply. The upside of using grain feed is that it is not only palatable to cattle but it is a cheaper option as well, thus can be easily sustained over a longer period of time. Cows can eat oats and a variety of grains including corn, oats and barley. Although corn is the most commonly used grain feed, it is not as nutritious as other types of grain. Barley is a cheaper alternative and has a higher protein composition in comparison to corn. Oats have a lower energy value due to its high composition of fibre and so is considered an ideal option in regards to potential digestive disturbances. Note that although cows can eat grain based dietary plans, farmers should make sure to provide appropriate rations as excess grain feed is known to cause a number of digestive issues including bloat. Adding on, some types of grain are not recommended for livestock feed as they are less palatable. Wheat and rye should be provided during desperate circumstances when other superior grain feed alternatives have been exhausted. This is because rye is less palatable and wheat ought to be given in limited amounts. It is recommended to mix with oats or corn in order to control digestive problems.