Goats can eat watermelon without experiencing any adverse effects on health and overall performance. Ruminants are able to digest a large variety of feed types in comparison to other animal species. Watermelon derived feeding strategies must be tailored in such a way that meets the nutritional needs of goats. An important point to note is that although goats can feed on watermelon, excess feed is not recommended as it can cause a number of health related illnesses. That being said, farmers must be aware of the nutritional value of watermelon versus daily dietary requirements of goats in order to develop an effective feeding strategy and avoid making mistakes that may be detrimental to both health and production.

Nutritional Value

Goats can feed on watermelon in order to absorb nutrients and minerals lacking in forages. Watermelon is rich source of energy and fibre, protein as well as vitamins including vitamin A, C, K and B6. They also consist of minerals necessary for the maintenance of healthy livestock. Watermelon is highly palatable and so is readily consumed by livestock. To add on, it is made up of over 90% water content making it valuable, especially for farmers in arid areas. A properly formulated watermelon feeding strategy provides an opportunity for improved production, reproduction and health. The trace elements found in watermelon are of the essence in blood synthesis, hormone structure, normal reproduction, vitamin synthesis, enzyme formation and maintaining the integrity of the immune system.

However, in order to reap these benefits, goats can eat watermelon only in limited quantities. Watermelon should make up a very small amount of their overall dietary plan.  Studies indicate that goats should only be provided with watermelon as treats. They should make up only 10% of their overall dietary plans. In fact, excess watermelon is considered as poisonous for goats and can lead to a number of health issues such as bloat. In addition, it has a lower nutritional value in comparison to hay and grain which hinders it from solely sustaining livestock health. Another important point to note on excess feeding is that goats can eat watermelonin large quantities due to its sweet nature which reduces their intake of normal feed thereby compromising on production and health.

Physical Development

Supplementary feeding is very important at all stages of production. None the less, it more essential for growing livestock. As such, young goats can feed on watermelon to acquire nutrients needed for physiological development. Watermelon is a source of protein and energy that are of the essence in the growth and development of goats. Since it is highly palatable, animals are easily provided with supplementary nutrients that are often lacking in their daily rations. Aging grass has very low protein levels that cannot sustain growing livestock. Watermelon supplements therefore become highly valuable means of providing affordable additives. Note that depending on the nutritional value of the forage, it may still be necessary to provide more additives. As a result, goats fed watermelon supplements tend to reach their full potential and timeously in comparison to their counterparts. Pregnant goats can eat watermelon treats in order to maintain a well-balanced dietary plan necessary for foetal growth. For the does, watermelon supplements provide sufficient nutrients to maintain body weight, especially when they are in the dry state. As previously sated, watermelon also contains trace minerals which are important in ensuring that goats reach their full potential. Deficiencies in these minerals often causes impaired health and growth overtime.


Milk Production

Lactating goats can feed on watermelon as a means to improve their overall performance. Feeding strategy plays a crucial role in milk production. This is because nutrient requirements are higher during milk synthesis, particularly protein. Goats are known for their superior immune system which allows them to digest a wide range of feed types than other animal species. As such, their dietary plans are mainly composed of forage. Lactating goats need more nutrients to recondition the body as well as to support milk production. Therefore, regular goat feed can sometimes not be able to meet their nutritional needs for protein, energy and body fat.Watermelon supplements can provide livestock with an adequate supply of required nutrients. They contain carbohydrates, vitamins and protein that allow for healthy livestock and increased milk production. According to agricultural research on the subject matter, goats can eat watermelon to achieve peak production.When provided in appropriate rations, goats fed watermelons produce more milk in comparison to those on a strictly forage dietary plan. In arid lands, the high water content found in watermelon is of the essence in keeping livestock hydrated thereby ensuring healthy livestock for improved milk yields.

Health Maintenance

Animal health determines the success of the entire agricultural ventures. Goats in poor health are not productive and may not reach their full potential in terms of growth. For many years synthetic means have been used to ensure the health of livestock. However, some of these have been banned in a number countries, particularly antibiotics. Since farmers can no longer use antibiotics without prescription, a well-balanced feed is more important in maintaining animal health. Goats can eat watermelons to supplement their nutrition intake. A well-balanced feed equips goats with a stronger immune system giving them some form of resistance from diseases. It also helps to prevent nutritional deficiencies that are said to be among the leading causes of health related issues.  To add on, goats can eat watermelon in order to absorb trace elements essential for health maintenance. Trace elements found in watermelon are important in enzyme activation, osmotic pressure, acid base balance, nerve transmission as well as immune system functions. Keep in mind that feeding rations higher than 10% has the opposite effects.


Goats can feed on watermelon to keep hydrated, which is particularly valuable in arid and semi-arid areas. It can sometimes be important during dry periods as well. Watermelon consists of approximately 90% water which is essential for all categories of livestock. Water plays a vital role in functioning of the body, milk production, and the total intake of food. Similar to all living creature, goats cannot survive without water. In fact, they might die within a few days. Under ideal circumstances, water should be availed at all times. This is however not always the case; some farmers provide water according to schedules. Goats can eat watermelon which allows them to stay hydrated for prolonged periods of time. Hence, their health is enhanced allowing for highly productive animals.